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新概念英語第四冊:句子分析

2017-03-20 09:54

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編輯:新東方小編

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  We can read of things that happened 5,000 years ago in the Near East, where people first learned to write. But there are some parts of the world where even now people cannot write. The only way that they can preserve their history is to recount it as sagas -- legends handed down from one generation of storytellers to another. These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did.

  一、句子分析

  These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people who lived long ago, but none could write down what they did.

  這個句子厲害了,層層關系足以把你繞暈。而且,句中狀語從句、定語從句、賓語從句三種句式一應俱全(分別屬于副詞從句、形容詞從句、名詞從句)。抓緊開始吧:

  第一步:

  These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of people.

  這樣是不是簡單了?

  這個句子because原因狀語從句,解釋了legends有用的原因。

  這些傳說很有用,因為它們能告訴我們人們遷徙的事。

  第二步:

  people wholived long ago, butnonecould write down what they did

  什么樣的人的遷徙的事呢?定語從句提供了people的身份。

  but連接了兩個定語從句,使其構成并列從句,共同修飾people

  難點:

  people后面有兩個定語從句,其中第二個從句的引導詞被省略了:none(of whom) could write down what they did

  具體結構為:peopel who..., but none of whom...

  第三步:

  none(of whom) could write down what they did

  在這個定語從句里,還有一個從句what they did,作write down的賓語從句。

  第四步:合并分析

  These legends are useful because they can tell us something about migrations of peoplewholived long ago, butnone could write down what they did.

  二、從句知識鏈接

  1. 名詞性從句

  名詞從句在句中的作用相當于名詞,充當主語、賓語、表語、同位語等。

  That China has a long historyis known to us all.

  Everybody knows that China has a long history.

  The fact is that China has a long history.

  I am not surprised at the fact that China has a long history.

  2. 形容詞性從句

  形容詞從句相當于形容詞,在句中充當定語,修飾名詞,以及句子。

  The sun is bigger than the moon, as we all know.

  The man whose English is betterwill get the opportunity.

  He described it as 'a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.'

  三、小測試

  定語從句和同位語從句很多同學分不清楚,下面兩個句子分別是什么從句呢?

  1. The news spread throughout the country that the man-made satellite had successfully returned to the earth.

  2. The news that Martha got from what was broadcast on BBCsurprised her.

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